different types of anxiety disorders



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“Different Types of Anxiety Disorders”

Anxiety disorders are often treated using specific methods and techniques designed to target symptoms and develop coping mechanisms for the anxiety triggers.

Knowing which method to use in the treatment largely depends on the kind of disorder a person has. This article provides insights into the most common forms of anxiety disorders.

Anxiety is a common occurrence when a person faces potentially problematic or dangerous situations. It is also felt when a person perceives an external threat.

However, chronic and irrational anxiety can lead to a form of anxiety disorder. There are different types of anxiety disorders depending on their causes or triggers.

Common forms of anxiety disorders

Generalized anxiety disorder

A person who has this type of anxiety disorder usually experiences prolonged anxiety that is often without basis. More accurately, people with generalized anxiety

disorders cannot articulate the reason behind their anxiety. This type of anxiety usually lasts for six months and often affects women. Due to the persistence of the

anxiety, people affected with generalized anxiety disorder constantly fret and worry. This results in heart palpitations, insomnia, headaches, and dizzy spells.

Specific phobia

Unlike someone with generalized anxiety disorder, a person who has a specific phobia experiences extreme and often irrational fear of a certain situation or object.

When exposed to the object or situation they fear, people with specific phobias exhibit signs of intense fear like shaking, shortness of breath, heart palpitations, and

nausea. Common specific phobias include fear of heights, enclosed spaces, blood, and animals. The fear a person with phobia feels can be so extreme that he or

she may disregard safety just to escape the situation.

Panic disorder

Also known as Agoraphobia, panic disorders are characterized by recurring panic attacks which are often unexpected. Symptoms are usually shaking, chest pains,

dizziness, fear of losing control, and the reluctance of being alone. People with panic disorder are aware that their panic is usually unfounded and illogical. This is

why they avoid public situations and being alone. A panic attack can be so severe that people may lose control and hurt themselves.

Social phobia

Alternatively called social anxiety, a person with social phobia may exhibit similar symptoms to those of panic disorder especially in social situations. Shaking,

dizziness, shortness of breath, and heart palpitations may ensue when a person with social phobia finds himself or herself at the center of attention or in the

company of many people, regardless of whether they are strangers or not.

Obsessive-compulsive disorder

People with obsessive-compulsive disorder experience anxiety caused by an obsession or idea. They tend to avoid experiencing anxiety by resorting to repetitive

actions or behaviors that prevent anxiety. For example, a person who is obsessed with cleanliness may experience anxiety at the mere sight of a vase placed

slightly off-center. To prevent anxiety, he or she will clean and organize everything compulsively or without reason.

PTSD

Post-traumatic stress disorder may occur after a person experienced a severely traumatic event. He or she may relive the experience in his or her mind which

causes stress and anxiety. If a person with PTSD comes into contact with stimuli (any object, person, or situation) that he or she associates with the traumatic event,

he or she may literally re-experience the event by crying uncontrollably, panicking, or losing control. Subtler symptoms include insomnia and avoidant behavior.

PTSD may manifest itself immediately after the traumatic event or even years after.

Determining the type of anxiety disorder a person has is crucial to seeking treatment and recovery. Techniques and methods that are used to help a person cope

with certain anxiety usually target not only the management of symptoms but coping mechanisms when exposed to triggers. Only after a thorough diagnosis can

treatment and recovery for anxiety disorders really commence.

Source: Youtube