This video provides information regarding PTSD and what treatment is available.
The video is based on the following DSM-5 criteria:
1)Witnessing, in person.
2)Indirectly, by learning that a close relative or close friend was exposed to trauma. If the event involved actual or threatened death, it must have been violent or accidental.
3)Repeated or extreme indirect exposure to aversive details of the event(s), usually in the course of professional duties (e.g., first responders, collecting body parts; professionals repeatedly exposed to details of child abuse).
1)Recurrent, involuntary, and intrusive memories. Note: Children older than six may express this symptom in repetitive play.
Traumatic nightmares. Note: Children may have frightening dreams without content related to the trauma(s).
2)Dissociative reactions (e.g., flashbacks) which may occur on a continuum from brief episodes to complete loss of consciousness. Note: Children may reenact the event in play.
3)Intense or prolonged distress after exposure to traumatic reminders.
4)Marked physiologic reactivity after exposure to trauma-related stimuli.
1)Trauma-related thoughts or feelings.
2)Trauma-related external reminders (e.g., people, places, conversations, activities, objects, or situations).
Impairments of Cognition
1)Inability to recall key features of the traumatic event (usually dissociative amnesia; not due to head injury, alcohol, or drugs).
2)Persistent (and often distorted) negative beliefs and expectations about oneself or the world (e.g., “I am bad,” “The world is completely dangerous”).
3)Persistent distorted blame of self or others for causing the traumatic event or for resulting consequences.
4)Persistent negative trauma-related emotions (e.g., fear, horror, anger, guilt, or shame).
Markedly diminished interest in (pre-traumatic) significant activities.
5)Feeling alienated from others (e.g., detachment or estrangement).
6)Constricted affect: persistent inability to experience positive emotions.
1)Irritable or aggressive behavior
2)Self-destructive or reckless behavior
4)Exaggerated startle response
5)Problems in concentration
6) Sleep disturbance
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy: Helps someone make the connection between their feelings and thoughts, which will impact their behavior. Someone will gradually be exposed to triggering things associated with the trauma.
Eye Movement Desenitization and Reprocessing: You follow a therapists finger, or light while talking about the trauma. It helps the brain reprocess the trauma and lead to quicker recovery.
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